We have shifted from the physical world into the cyber world. We have started implementing the use of robots to perform our daily tasks easier, and also perform dangerous tasks which are life-threatening for humans. In this module, we’ll be highlighting some of the commonly used programming languages in robotics.
The most widely used programming language in the field of robotics is undoubtedly C/C++. These programming languages are used by several hardware libraries and allow easy interaction with low-level hardware and also allows real-time performance. C++ has wider functionality over C and hence, it is more popular. The drawbacks of these programming languages are that they are not easy to implement when compared to programming languages like MATLAB and Python, and require a greater number of lines of code.
The popularity of Python in the field of robotics has started reaching sky-high because of many reasons. Firstly, it is easy to learn a programming language and offers freedom from time-consuming tasks like defining and casting variable types. Apart from this, it offers a vast number of free libraries, which makes it easier for the programmer to implement these functionalities. It also allows easy binding with other programming languages like C and C#, which prevents all sorts of performance losses.
MATLAB is a popular choice among the robotics engineer for developing and analyzing control systems, producing advanced graphs from analyzed data, etc.
LISP is the second oldest programming language which is essential in the field of Artificial Intelligence. It is used vastly for prototyping and symbolic expression. Apart from this, some parts of the robotics operating system are also framed using LISP.
Java is an object-oriented programming language which is essential in developing algorithms for language processing, search and neural networking, humanoid aspects of robotics, etc.