Questions Engineering

What is the importance of coastal engineering?

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Nitika Kale

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Coastal engineering is the branch of civil engineering which involves the sciences of coastal geology and oceanography. The coastal engineer’s main tasks include the protection and management of coastlines. They play an essential role and are crucial for the stability and the development of our coastal environment.

A coastal engineer addresses the entire natural and human-made changes in the coastal region. Let’s discuss why this division of civil engineering is essential. Following are some of the reasons which talk about the significance of coastal engineering:

1. To control erosion

Coastal engineers strive to prevent the damage and destruction caused by waves and erosion. Breakwater, seawalls, and revetments are some of the structures constructed by coastal engineers to control erosion. Knowledge about this may help in preventing destructive erosion. Coastal erosion is one of the major problems in coastal cities and areas.

2. Affects the economy

Coastal engineers contribute a lot to the economy by protecting the coastlines. If the coasts are not protected or managed, it may negatively impact the growth of the country. A large amount of income is generated from the coastal sectors in the form of tourism, imports, and exports. This may affect job opportunities in the country. If the coastal areas are not managed, the total employment from this sector will decrease which will impact the economy of the country.

3. Flood control

The study of coastal engineering will help them to provide defenses that can help to reduce the effects of the lousy weather and control floods in the area. It also preserves the coastal residential areas and prevents them from the damage and dangers of flooding.

4. For the functioning of coastal cities

Coastal cities are great habitats as well as centers of economic growth. They are an important part of the ecosystem and are essential for human activities such as tourism, fishing, and transportation. Coastal management and engineering are vital as they will help the engineers understand the different demographics of these areas and how to work for the development of these coastal lands.

5. Harbors

Coastal engineers construct and build artificial ports. They work for the event, safety and increase the connectivity to the coastal areas. Coastal engineers understand their field and can create an artificial harbor where no natural harbor exists. They are contributing to the safety as well as the development of a coastal region or a city. They also develop and maintain ports.

6. Marine ecosystem

Coastal engineering is essential for the marine ecosystem. Coastal engineers design inlets and channels that can improve the quality of the water and prevent the loss of habitat. They are responsible for maintaining the ecosystem in the marine land.

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