Many are not aware of the fact that music actually played an important role since ages in the human lifecycle, perhaps even before humans learned to speak. If you go back to the ancient history of human civilization, we will find primitive man flutes with the use of animal bones. They used stones and wood for percussion. The music combines culture, emotion, art, and ideology. There are some specific eras of Music history which one must know. The students of music need to know about the golden history of music before they actually start taking lessons from the teachers on specific music genres.
Different periods of the history of music:
• Medieval (400 to 1400): Music during this period was hugely influenced by Christianity and church. The notation was reintroduced in the musical repertory, which offered a huge distinction from the earlier songs. But a major part of the songs of this period was forced to face destructions.
• Renaissance (1400 to 1600): The period from 1400 to 1600 is known as the Renaissance period of music history. It introduced much clearer, as well as voice-centric melody. The songs of this period were combined with balanced polyphony, and it presented pieces which people easily sang. Chords were flexible, and it was easy to adapt based on the style of the artist. With the launch of printing press artists and students who were in the mode of learning music got new resources for expanding their passions and talents.
• Baroque (1600 to 1700): The period was a new format which was introduced in Italy. It was a vocal melody combined with instrumental music. It marked the beginning of new genres: precisely opera and cantata. Baroque, is a figured style bass line having numbers mentioned under it. It is used for indicating all chords present on the harpsichord.
• Classicism (1750 to 1800): During this era, the basso started disappearing. The classical orchestra started making its entry. Joseph Haydn was the one who created the standard genres and musical forms which were easy to follow for the composers and it includes the symphony, the piano sonata, and the string quartet.
• Romanticism (1800-1910): Romantic period as the name suggests, introduced an increase in the emotional level and new meaning in the creative art form of music.
The above are the important periods of music which developed the art form and introduced various genres to the industry.