Questions Engineering

What is the difference between geology and geography?

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Usman Banda

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Geography and Geology both deal with almost similar features of the earth, but there are individual differences between the two streams. Before moving into the differences, let’s first look at the definitions.

Geography is a part of both Science and Humanities where all the aspects of the earth like its land, habitats, phenomena, etc. along with the human lifestyle, culture, population, settlements, etc. are being studied. For the vast subject content of Geography, it is being divided into two parts: One is human geography, and the other is physical geography.

Geology, on the other hand, entirely deals with the Science and nature of the Earth starting from its creation, existence, physical and biological features, dynamism, climatic changes, temperature, Plate tectonics, landscapes, evolution, etc. There is no scope for any other aspects of study in Geology except the physical and chemical properties of the earth.

Geography is more theory based compared to Geology. In the application to practical life, Geography helps to acquire knowledge on various features of the areas, human culture, settlements, etc. 

Geology is more practical and Scientific by nature, and if you are about to make specific changes or develop any projects on water or land resources, then you need to study Geology well. You can have a nice idea on the nature of the landscapes, type of the soil, rocks layers and many such things which are required to know before the implementation of the project. Even in times of massive natural calamities or hazards, Geology is far more helpful than Geography.

Geography is a huge discipline and Geology is an essential branch of Geography. In Geology you cannot find any other knowledge except the study of the Earth or its physical or chemical existence. Geography studies all those aspects which are beyond the reach of human beings like the atmosphere, volcanoes, topography, etc. 

The various branches of Geology include engineering geology, mineralogy, geomorphology, structural geology, paleontology, etc.

On the other hand, Geography has two main branches- Human Geography and Physical Geography which are further subdivided into Climatology, Bio-geography, Geomorphology, Transportation Geography, Cartography, Pedology, GIS, Historical geography and urban geography.

The career opportunities for Geography and Geology vary from each other as well. A Bachelor’s or a Master’s on Geology can find immense scopes in various Geological and Survey departments of the Government and Private organizations, Oil Mining departments, Ground Water, etc. 

People who are passed with Geography has opportunities in research institutes, education institutions, NGOs, Developmental organizations, etc.

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