Material science and engineering is the study of the design and structure of different materials. It deals with the properties of the matter and its applications in different areas. The material can be anything, from those we see and use every day to those used in aerospace engineering.
Material scientists or engineers have an understanding of the structure and the composition of the materials. They invent and develop new materials or make advancements in the existing materials for the betterment of the current elements to improve their overall performance. They produce and design different pieces of work. Material scientists and engineers don’t just experiment and discover materials. Instead, they understand the properties of each material fundamentally. They also create new elements by relating the features and performance of each equipment.
They also study the number of ways in which the material can be manufactured or processed. They consider a variety of materials, metals, composites, natural fibers and focuses on the relationship between their atomic and molecular structure of each of those materials.
Both material scientists and engineers undergo similar training and perform almost identical tasks. The main work area of both professionals includes analyzing and performing tests on the different types of materials.
Any person who aspires to become a material scientist or a material engineer must possess strong research skills and knowledge of chemical compositions.
Both the professionals perform similar tasks. However, there are a few differences in the areas they work. Let us go through both of them and understand the responsibilities of each one:
Material scientists develop new materials and improve the structure and composition of traditional elements to enhance their overall performance. They generally work in an office or a laboratory. They study relative performance and chemical properties of each material and then invent brand new or custom material with different features that can be used for various applications and uses. A graduate degree is a must to start your career in this field.
Material engineers generally work in manufacturing industries or factories. They focus on products and their production stage. They are involved with the designing and production of the material. They suggest changes and also create budgets for the products. They are responsible for finding different and alternative content to improve the quality of each element and reduce the cost of making that product. They study the manufacturing process and products and look for the areas which need improvement.
To become a material scientist or engineer, you should hold a bachelor’s degree in the related field. Some colleges offer a 5-year integrated programme which includes both bachelor’s and master’s degree.
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