Questions Science and Education

What is inorganic chemistry?

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Sanketika Munish

Just going with the flow

Chemistry is the science which deals with the composition of substances by which a matter is created, investigating its properties, looking into the reactions and reusing those substances in composing newer substances — concerned with the elements of which substance is composed, the analysis of their properties, and the use of such reactions to form new elements. Now, as the subject matter of Chemistry is vast, it has been divided into two parts: organic chemistry and inorganic chemistry. Now, you will come to know about inorganic chemistry.

 Inorganic chemistry is the analysis of the synthesis and properties of certain inorganic as well as organometallic compounds which do not contain carbon and hydrogen atoms within it.  The main principle of inorganic chemistry which make it different from organic chemistry to those substances which have the absence of carbon and hydrogen atoms. Inorganic chemistry is applicable in various parts of the chemical industries which deals with medications, catalysis, coatings, pigments, materials science,  agriculture, surfactants, and fuels.

 Inorganic chemistry can study the properties and behaviors of almost one lakh inorganic compounds available in the world thereby evaluating its chemical and physical natures and further utilizing them to produce compounds for various industries. 

Inorganic chemistry can be sub-divided into three parts- Organometallic chemistry, Cluster chemistry, and Bioinorganic chemistry which broadly discuss the process on how inorganic compounds are utilized for therapies, catalysts, and superconductors. Inorganic compounds are further  classified as the following:

- Acids: These are water-soluble compounds which produce hydrogen ions. Eg.-Acid like Hydrochloric, sulphuric, citric, vinegar, etc. 

- Base: These are water-soluble compounds which produce hydroxyl ions when staying in H2O. Eg.- potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, ammonia, etc. 

- Salts: When acids and bases are mixed, they produce salt. Eg.- Sodium hydroxide.

- Oxides:  One oxygen atom with inorganic compounds are called oxides.

Inorganic Chemistry has a broad application in the real world starting from the field of Biology to Engineering. Here are some relevant areas in  the following:

1. Chemical industries which are based on the production of medicines, medical devices, and instruments, healthcare facilities, etc. 

2. Food industries are solely dependent on inorganic chemistry where there is a significant demand for sodium hydroxide, baking soda, etc. 

3. Materials which are produced in the Ceramic industries.

4. In the electrical system,  it acts as the electric circuits in the form of silicon in the computers, etc.

Read more:  What is analytical chemistry?

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