Questions Engineering

What effects do modern farming techniques have on world biodiversity?

Airtract

David W Bender

Knowledge is power

Biotechnology has a significant impact on the present agricultural system of the world. With the advancement of time, agriculture has undergone through a great change and progress as the farming techniques have become highly updated. Farmers are being trained with modern methods for using tools, pesticides, chemicals, hybrids, etc. Even harvesting of crops and plowing of land have also become far more comfortable and fast. Farmers are not required to put a lot of pressure or do hard work for any agricultural activities like before. Use of modern machinery has also reduced manual labors. Now, the question is whether modern farming techniques have any effects on the world biodiversity or not. 

There are pros and cons for every invention. When it comes to biodiversity and modern farming techniques, farmers are taking a lot of careful measures which increase the food values and quantity of vegetables, crops, and fruits to a large extent. People are not suffering due to the insufficiency of food anymore. Even, fruits and vegetables which were once grown only in particular seasons, are now available almost all over the years. But, on the other hand, modern farming techniques have harmed the environment as well as the micro and macro organisms too. There are many organisms like bacteria, fungi, algae, etc. which are found near the farmlands and are responsible for the proper fertilization of the land. Due to the use of various modern types of machinery and pesticides or chemicals, these natural organisms are being harmed. As a result, the crops produced contain less quantity of natural products and more hybrids. 

The ecosystem is also getting quite affected by modern farming techniques. As plants are considered as the primary element for the ecosystem, thus, the root cause of the effect occurs from there. Plants which absorb water from the deep soil through the roots are absorbing the unnatural toxic fluids created by the use of pesticides or chemicals in the ground. As a result, the plants are becoming poisonous, and those animals which are dependent on the plants are also harmed. In other words, the whole ecosystem is getting affected. Even, the aquatic plants are also not apart from these as the effects of these chemicals are also hampering the waters of the rivers, pools, lakes, etc. Aquatic animals mainly fish are also getting poisonous or extinct. People who consume such foods for diet are absorbing harmful chemicals. 

Previously people used to suffer less from various diseases. There were hardly any problems regarding women health or reproduction. Nowadays, with the increase in chemicals and artificial products of foods, human health is being affected a lot. Women are facing a lot of complications regarding their menstrual cycle, pregnancy, fertilization, etc. All these are effects of the modern agricultural system. 

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