Questions Choice and Concern

What are the types of programming languages?

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Meghana Chauhan

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Nowadays, there are a lot of websites, pages, networks, etc. which attracts the viewers by its looks and information. Do you know how are these created? They are nothing but particular algorithms which are encoded into notations. This process is called programming, and the formal and specific language which are required to set up these algorithms so that it can be encoded into notations and displayed in your computer is called a programming language. Programming languages are mainly responsible for producing outputs after they get instructions. These instructions or algorithms are required to be put by the user through different programming languages. Here we will discuss all the types of programming languages.

There are many Programming languages for which it is primarily divided into two types:

I. Low-level Programming Language

Ii. High-level Programming Language

I. Low-level Programming Language

The list of algorithms or languages which are easily understandable by the computer. Through Low-level programming languages, a computer can perform the operations efficiently. Low-level Programming Language can be further divided into two categories:

a. Machine-level language

A Machine-level language is nothing but binary numbers which are coded as 0 and 1.  These two numbers are the most easily understood by the processor. For this reason, the processor can produce fast outputs without using large memories. But the main problem is regarding perfection as it is not easy to find faults among 0 and 1. The language is too time-consuming as well.    

b. Assembly language 

Assembly-language is much more advanced than machine level language which is based on the detailed knowledge of hardware. Here instead of binary numbers, mnemonics codes are used. For the proper understanding, an assembler is used for the processor. Assembly language is easily understandable and easy to debug. The operations are also done faster in the processor.

II. High-level language

High-level languages are performed by the users where the instructions are like English words. These words are converted through translators, compilers or interpreters. High-level languages are much faster and easy to identify errors. They are further categorized into three styles.

a) Procedural-Oriented language 

As the name indicates, Procedural Programming is a set of methods that helps in the determination of steps to follow the instructions to obtain proper outputs. Some Procedural-Oriented languages are Pascal, COBOL, C, FORTRAN, etc. These languages work on large memories and high processor. 

b)  Problem-Oriented language (4GL)

This type of language helps in the specification of outputs by showing the way of data manipulation. These languages focus mainly on the results and not on the details. E.g., Visual Basic, C#, PHP, etc.

c) Natural language (5GL)

Natural language is those developing languages which are merely like statements or normal sentences and very easy to use as programming languages. Though they are quite slow and expensive, yet they can be easily understood. 

Read more: What is the best way to learn computer programming for beginners?


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