Questions Legal

What are the types of civil law?


Mayavadi Rajesh

Never give up without a fight

Laws are essential for the proper functioning of a country and to solve any disputes in an organized manner. There are different types and categories of laws that are a part of our constitution. One such category is Civil Law.

What is Civil Law?    

Civil Law is the people’s law. It is a collection of several rules and principles which takes necessary steps for enforcement and protection of the people’s rights, contracts, torts, family law, etc. Civil Law also provides legal help to solve any dispute. Most of today’s Civil Laws are based on the principles and doctrines that were established in ancient Rome.

Let us now highlight the various Civil Laws available to us.

  • Tort Law
    A tort is the part of the Civil Law concerned with personal damage/injury. Tort represents any civil wrong done by a person, which has resulted in the damage to another person and requires monetary compensation for the same. It is of three types:

    • Negligence
    • Intentional tort
    • Strict Liability
  • Property Law
    Property Law covers all the disputes associated with the damage done to anyone’s property which includes all the tangible property such as animals, jewelry, any merchandise, as well as intangible assets such as patents, bonds, agreements, etc. 

    Property law is of the following types;

    • Trespassing Land: When a person enters private property without the consent of the owner.
    • Trespassing Chattels: When a person starts interfering with the rights of the owner of a property.
    •  Conversion: When a person starts using another person's property without their permission.
  • Contract Disputes
    When a person fails to fulfill the terms mentioned in an agreement, then it falls under the Contract Dispute. It is also known as the breach of a contract and is done when either of the participating parties fails to act according to the contract signed.

  • Class Action Cases
    Very similar to trots, class action cases refers to a common type of harm done against a group of people. For example, a group of people falling sick due to a defective line of medicines.

  • Equitable Claims
    Equitable Claims requests the court to refrain a party from performing an action and may charge monetary compensation in case of failure.

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