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What are the major criminal law defenses?

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Nupoor Mahadev

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Let’s say you are charged with a crime. In such a situation, the very first question you may ask your attorney is what are the defenses available to you. This is important so that you can defend yourself in the court to prevent an unfavorable verdict against you.

A criminal defense can be described as a strategic argument that challenges the sufficiency and validity of the pieces of evidence produced. To save yourself from a guilty verdict, you need to make sure that your criminal defense is strong enough. Speaking of criminal defenses, there is more than one type. To fight your case, you need to have good knowledge of all the types of criminal defenses. Well, there is nothing to worry about as your attorney is there to help you out with this.

Types of Criminal Defenses

The main types of criminal defenses include the following:

  1. Innocence
    This is probably the most common type of criminal defense put up by the defendant. This defense is used when you have not committed the crime. However, it is often misused by guilty people. To prove yourself to be innocent, you need to provide sufficient evidence to the court.

  2. Self-defense
    This type of defense is used, especially in cases of assault, murder, rape, etc. In this case, you need to prove that you used violence to defend yourself from the violent actions of the victim. However, you should be able to provide sufficient proof to back yourself up.

  3. Insanity
    You must have heard about this type of criminal defense before in a courtroom drama on Television. In this case, you again have to prove that you had some sort of mental disorder during the time the crime was committed. The main underlying point of the insanity defense is that the defendant was unable to distinguish from right or wrong while committing the crime.

  4. Coercion
    This involves a third party who has threatened you to do something wrong. In other words, you committed the crime against your own will as someone else has been threatening you. In this case, you need to prove that you were forced to commit the crime.

So these are the main types of criminal defenses used by the defendants. No matter which type of criminal defense you use, there should be enough proof and evidence to back you up.

Read more:  What is substantive criminal law?

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