Organizational ecology can be defined as a theoretical as well as the empirical approach of social sciences which is considered as an important part of organizational studies. Organizational ecology takes reference from economics, biology, and sociology, and makes statistical analysis for understanding the conditions depending on which any organization develop, grow, and die. Ecosystems are divided into different levels, and one can study the ecosystem in different levels of the organization.
There are 2 components which are involved in the formation of ecological organization or ecosystem:
(i) Abiotic or non-living: It consists of inorganic materials, for example, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, CO2 and water.
(ii) Biotic or living organisms: It consists of the producers, the consumers, and the decomposers.
There are 6 major levels of organization in ecology. Below we will discuss each one of them. Ecosystems are found in both small levels as well as at large levels. I am mentioning the levels of organization from smallest to the largest:
• Individual: A species or individual is a part of a group which is genetically related. The species will be capable to breed and give birth to fertile young. Individuals do not go for breeding with individuals who are from other groups. Mutualism, Competition, and predation are some of the popular forms of interaction which happens between organisms.
• Population: A group formed of individuals of specific species staying in the specific geographic zone at a specific time is known as a population. Here populations include individuals belonging from same species and can have different genetic for example hair, eye, skin tone, and size.
• Community: A community is formed by the populations of various species which live in the same area and make interaction with each other. A community is formed by all available biotic features of a particular area. A great community is the one which features biodiversity. biotic community is formed by plants, animals, and decomposers.
• Ecosystem: Ecosystems covers more than just a community formed of living organisms (biotic) which easily interacts with the abiotic environment. The biotic interact with abiotic and make exchanging of energy and nutrients recycling.
• Biosphere: It can be defined as one major part of earth having living organisms. The biosphere covers a huge part of the Earth, which includes a segment of the oceans as well as the atmosphere. A biosphere is the summation of all elements of ecosystems present on Earth.
• Biome: A biome can be defined as a set formed of ecosystems having similar features matching their abiotic factors which adapted them in the environment.
Above are the 6 levels which are must to know if you want to learn about organizational ecology.
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