Chemical engineering is that branch of engineering which deals with the design and operation of the industrial chemical processes. Chemical engineers use chemistry to convert raw materials or chemicals into more useful products. Chemical engineering is one of the new fields of engineering which has a vast scope. Chemical engineers work in different sectors, such as manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, healthcare, food processing, biotechnology, and other environment and safety industries. Talking about the relationship between chemical engineering and the food industry, we can say that chemical engineers are enhancing food production. Every day, chemical engineers are creating and discovering new pesticides, fertilizers, and herbicides. We can credit chemical engineers for various innovations in the food industry.
In the food industry, there are various principles which use the phenomenon of chemical engineering. The chemical engineers contribute to the food industry by fulfilling our demands and inventing techniques that enhance the quality and increase the shelf life of the food. They also come up with technologies that can protect us against food-borne diseases.
Applications of Chemical Engineering in the Food Industry
- Enhance fruit and vegetable production: The chemical engineers contribute to the food industry by finding ways and inventing pesticides and fertilizers that protect and help to enhance food production.
- Food packaging: chemical engineers have a significant role to play in packaging. They develop advanced materials and techniques that can be used for packaging. Packaging is one of the most critical trends in the food industry, and chemical engineers are responsible for it. They ensure that packaging material is free from artificial additives. In recent years, they have made developments which have reduced the threat of food packaging and have increased the shelf life of the packed food.
- Protecting Perishable foods: We can credit chemical engineers for handling and safeguarding perishable foods. They come up with new sterilization techniques that can help preserve food against spoilage and help in maintaining the quality of the food by minimizing the risk of the deterioration.
- Innovation in food: The chemical engineers formulate new products by mixing and processing different industries. They modify the ingredients in the foods we eat and change the ingredients for the better flavors. They find alternative elements. All-in-all we can say that chemical engineers are committed to the betterment of human nutrition. They apply chemistry and engineering together and come up with food which is more fresh, tasty, wholesome, and ready to eat.
- Safe food handling practices: Food safety is incredibly important as it helps in preserving the food against food-borne diseases. The chemical engineers are responsible for inventing techniques that can help in handling process and can help us increase the safety of the food.
Throughout the different stages of processing and storage, chemical engineers play an essential role in ensuring food safety.