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How are biofuels different from fossil fuels?

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Poonam Sharma

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About Fossil fuels: Fossil fuels can be described as carbon-based sources of energy, for example, coal, oil, and natural gas. Fossil fuels came into existence some 300 to 400 thousands of years ago when this planet was home to ancient seas and thickly covered by vegetated swamps. Over several thousand years, accumulation of the decayed plants and sea creatures kept piling up on the sea bed.  With time it dried up and got covered with thick layer of sedimentary sand, soil as well as rocks. The pressure of the layers of sand, soil, and rocks changed the chemical composition of the dead plants and animals. It created deep deposits of carbon-enriched coal, oil as well as natural gas. Fossil fuels, when burned with combustion, will make the release of carbon and impurities. 93 percent of total energy which is consumed by the people of USA sourced from fossil fuels, majorly in the form of gasoline and diesel fuel.

 About Biofuel: Biofuel, on the other hand, is the fuel which is produced from different living matter. The making of the biofuels needs a concise time when compared with the time required for fossil fuels. Biofuel production happens via biological processes. The end product of the biofuel production will be either of solid, liquid or gas. The most common types of biofuels which is used right now in large quantity are the 2 gasoline alternatives known as ethanol and biodiesel. Ethanol is also known as ethyl alcohol (C2H5OH) or grain alcohol because it is made with distillation of the grain crops, for example, corn or soybeans. Biodiesel is popular as biofuel is produced out of the plant- or animal-based fat. It is perfect for running in almost all regular types of the diesel engine.

Difference between biofuels and fossil fuels:

  •  For the formation of fossil fuel, several centuries are needed in the world.  On the other hand, the creation of biofuel can be done in a small period.
  •  This hydrocarbon deposit fuel is one of those sources of non-renewable energy. Biofuel is a perfect example of a renewable source of energy.
  • Humans can not produce fossil fuel and the same is generated with the support of natureIf we want biofuel can be provided anytime, both in small scale as well as on a large scale.
  • Biofuel Offers low volume of energy per/u of biomass while Fossil fuel offers high volume energy per/u mass.
  • Health issues are quite high with fossil fuel as the environment gets polluted and we breathe polluted air. Biofuel is known to cause fewer problems for living being health.
  •  Biofuel Release low volume of gases unfavorable for health while fossil when burnt release excessive volume of gasses hostile for health.

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