Questions Personal and Family

Why is nutrition important for child development?


Manish Agarwal

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A healthy body leads to a healthy mind. And nutrition is the key to that.

Just like genes and the environment plays an essential role in a child’s development, nutrition is an important factor in the growth of the child’s mind and body.

Nutrition is something that starts even before the birth of the baby. When the baby remains in the womb, nutrition plays its part in the proper development of the child’s brain.

Now let us discuss the major constituents of a properly balanced diet.


Carbohydrates provide energy to our bodies to carry out everyday tasks.
Carbohydrates are run down into glucose, which in turn acts as the fuel to our cells and organs. Chocolates, bread, potatoes, corn, milk, etc. are all sources of carbohydrates.


Vitamins (along with minerals) play an important role in protecting our body from various types of diseases.
Different types of Vitamins and their importance are:

  • Vitamin A:  Required for healthy vision and skin. Found in carrots, apricots, milk, cheese, etc.
  • Vitamin B12: Required for more pro nerve and heart functioning. Found in fish, meat, liver, yogurt, etc.
  • Vitamin C: Required for healthy gums, proper functioning of the immune system as well as for proper iron absorption in our body and also contribute to collagen formation. Found in citrus fruits, spinach, broccoli, etc.
  • Vitamin  D: Required for healthy teeth and bones (i.e.proper calcium absorption), found in sunlight, milk, cheese, fish, etc.
  • Vitamin E: Required for providing immunity to the body to fight off diseases like cancer. Found in egg yolks, nuts, milk, fatty acids, etc.
  • Vitamin K: Required for proper blood clotting and healthy teeth and bones, found in green leafy vegetables like spinach.
  • Biotin: Required for proper absorption of other components like proteins, fats, carbohydrates, etc. Found in egg yolks, soybean, etc.
  • Folic Acid:  Required for synthesis of new red blood cells and DNA. Found in green vegetables like spinach, broccoli, and in seeds and legumes.


Along with vitamins they safeguard our body from various infections.

Importance of a few macro minerals are as follows:

  • Iron: Required for proper oxygen transportation in our body. Found in green leafy vegetables, meat, fish, nuts, etc.
  • Calcium: required for healthy bones and teeth, found in milk, egg white, cheese, butter, etc.
  • Phosphorus: Required for healthy teeth and bones. Found in milk, meat, fish, cheese, etc.


They help in the digestion of food and thus prevent constipation. It is found in green leafy vegetables and food rich in cellulose.


Just like carbohydrates, they provide energy to our body to carry out different tasks. Fats contain more energy than carbohydrates. They are found in meat, milk, fish, cheese, etc.


Water is essential for the proper functioning of our body, for thermoregulation and many other cellular processes.

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