Questions Legal

What is the role of international law in international relations?

Airtract

Payal Waqif

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Why do we need laws? 
Laws are essential for the proper functioning of a country and to solve any disputes in an organized manner. There are different types and categories of the justice system, which are a part of our constitution. One such category is International Law.

What is International Law?
International Law is a combination of rules and regulations which are accepted in between nations. International laws focus on providing a mutual sense of understanding and unity and brotherhood among the different nations.

International Laws are a combination of varieties of different laws:

  • Protection of Human Rights

  • Laws against international crimes

  • International treaties

  • International trade

  • Conditions for using armed forces

  • Ways to prevent the environment.

Let us now discuss the importance of International Law in International Relations

  • The foundation of International Relations
    International Laws act as the foundation for the establishment and smooth conduction of international relations. It plays an essential role as it acts as both a shield for protecting the rights of a nation and also as a sword for criticizing the unlawful demands of other foreign nations.

  • For maintaining proper order in International Relations
    One of the best ways of ensuring proper international relations is by codifying international law. Proper Codification of International Laws also helps in institutionalizing international relations, which helps in unifying the different nations for a common cause, so that problem solving becomes easier. 

  • Framework for the International Bodies
    International Law provides a framework for the proper functioning of the different international bodies, which helps in conducting different international trade and business transactions, which in turn helps in establishing proper international relations among the different nations.

  • For engaging Diplomacy
    Diplomacy plays an important role while handling sensitive cases among different nations. International Laws help in the proper initialization of Diplomacy. With International Laws, the different nations can conduct smooth negotiations to prevent wars, an efficient way of improving the diplomatic relations among the nations of the world.

  • Guidelines for the Nations
    The nations always conduct any activity, keeping in mind all the international rules and regulations to prevent any distortions in international relations with the surrounding nations.

    International treaties, which are an efficient way of improving the overall relations with a nation, are all framed in accordance with the International Laws.

We see that to promote international peace and unity; International Relations plays an important role. International Relation, in turn, is affected by the different International laws, which keeps them unified.

Different international tribunals are established like the United Nations Security Council, International Criminal Court, who is responsible for protection and enforcement of the International Laws, and in turn the International Relations.

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