Questions Business and Entrepreneurship

What are the different sections of a human resource department?


Anshuman Bassi

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As you know that Human Resource plays a vital role in an organization thus, every organization are required to set up its HR department in a very organized structure. Human Resource is not a small functional area, and it plays its functions in different activities conducted by a company. Irrespective of the firm size, there should be at least one Human Resource personnel. Big MNCs or Corporates have large HR departments where there are again divided roles of each section. Here, you will know the different parts of the human resource department.

1.  Recruitment and Staffing

The first thing which a company entirely depends on for its growth and development is the selection of right candidates as the employees. Now, the selection process of the employees is not that easy, and it needs a lot of research, shortlisting, screening, scheduling interviews, constant updating, follow-ups, and so on. The whole process of recruiting and staffing needs proper management skills, and it is one of the core skill of  HR personnel. Many companies do not have their own recruiting or staffing department, rely on private HR services consultancies for candidate selection. 

2.  Compensation and Benefits

Discussions and settlement on the compensation and benefits structure of the company and negotiation of the salary and payrolls is another section of the Human Resource. A successful company will never want to lose a competent employee, and for this, they are provided with various facilities and benefits along with a handsome salary. The Human Resource Department settles all these. A company grants a total compensation package which includes base pay and all other employee benefits like medical, health, disability insurance, life insurance, paid time off, etc.

3. Labor Laws and Legal Compliance

There are several legal procedures and laws made by the Constitution of each country about the rules and safety issues of an employee. If there is any violation caused by the company or an employee to another employee, legal steps are required to take as soon as a complaint is lodged. This is a vital section of HR.

4.  Training and Development

As soon as someone applies to join a company, he is undergone through various training and development programs like Organizational Orientation, Department Orientation, Job Training, the continuation of education, etc. HR plays an overall role in these areas. 

5.   Employee Relations

There are lots of employees in an organization who belong from various backgrounds, culture, class, religion, status, etc. But when it comes to working culture, there should be bonding and unity among all the members of the company irrespective of all these differences. As an HR, it is his responsibility to check whether this unity is maintained. He can organize celebrations, parties, team lunch, etc. to keep the soul up. 

6.  Employee Satisfaction

Employee satisfaction reveals how highly the organization is managed. Hence, it is a crucial factor for organizational growth which is looked after by an HR.