Questions Technology

How does IoT work and what are its applications?

Airtract

Ganesh Lala

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We have made tremendous advancements in the technical sectors in the last few years and revolutionized our entire way of living and problem-solving. From making smartphones, we started developing smart devices for home automation, and it gave rise to a new sphere in technology, the Internet of Things (IoT). In today’s article, we’ll be focussing on the working mechanism of IoT and the different application of IoT. But before that, let us define the term IoT.

IoT is a field of technology which implements internet connectivity in our daily physical objects like several electrical and electronic devices, which can interact among each other over the internet and can be easily monitored and controlled. 

Understanding the mechanism

IoT is comprised of four main components;

  • Sensors: Different sensors are implemented within the objects to monitor and collect information about the surrounding environment and using the same to analyze a given situation.

  • Connectivity: Now you need to have internet connectivity so that the different devices can interact with each other, and then ultimately upload the data on the cloud.

  • Data Processing: Now, you need to arrange for a software which will process the data so collected from the smart devices, and solve different complex problems.

  • User-Interface: After the data is processed and a solution is obtained, it needs to be madly available to the users and for the same you need to have a reliable user interface in the form of automatic alerts, e-mails, texts, etc.

Applications of IoT

  • Smart Homes

    IoT has paved the way for the development of smart home appliances which have made our lives easier, like for example smart cookers and vacuum cleaners which can perform their task without any human intervention. And the different home security appliances using which we can monitor and control our home.

  • Smart Agriculture

    Different smart devices are now being used in the agricultural sectors for analyzing the soil and atmospheric conditions and then using the data so collected the farmers can gain optimal yield.

  • Health Sectors

    IoT will soon be transforming the entire healthcare sector with the use of smart health monitoring systems, which we can use conveniently from our home itself.