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What Types of Plants Are Present in a Botanical Garden 05 February, 2021   

Whether we are talking about a public/university botanical garden or a privately-owned garden refuge, the plant species thriving there are always a mystery. Today, we wish to reveal the most common plant species, as well as something about their layout, so you too can grow a small botanic paradise behind your house.

Greeting to the Sun

There isn’t an animal, plant, or human bring that cannot lives without sunlight. However, we don’t all require the same amount of sunlight. Humans cannot perform photosynthesis but we do like to travel to the seaside in summer to imbibe sunrays.

Similarly, there are plants that adore sunlight and require plenty of it to thrive. One such plant that you probably know for its smell is lavender. Many botanical gardens feature and it is usually located in the sunniest section of the garden.

Likewise, salvia and coneflowers are two other plants that should be planted in a sunny spot. Every green thumb loves these species because they produce colorful flowers that beautify any garden.

Of course, avoid planting species that aren’t native to your area, as they will struggle with the amount of sunlight available. Moreover, they might not like soil composition, which you cannot do much about.

Plants that love water

Apart from exposure to sunlight, water is another resource plants find it hard to blossom without. Therefore, commercial and research botanical gardens have state-of-the-art watering systems that resemble the ones on large plantations.

When it comes to your backyard garden, you don’t need anything more sophisticated than a garden hose with a neat little reel. Plants that can appreciate water and moisture are iris and lilies. Their root systems are adapted to soggy soil with poor drainage.

The small, white flowers of sweet woodruff are fragrant, so this species is ideal for a section of the botanical garden that is in the shade and doesn’t dry fast. Woodruff draws in fauna, such as bees and butterflies.

Essentially, every plant that can be watered every day is considered a water-loving plant. These are ideal for planting in naturally occurring depressions that drain poorly and would otherwise remain unused. In fact, you can create a small pond and populate it with water lilies.

Plants that thrive in the shade

In most cases, plants that love water are the ones that are easily adaptable to living in the shade. In nature, these are pant species that usually live near the ground in a forest and are used to competing for sunlight with other species.

What is more, plants native to wooded areas are adapted to full shade. That’s why botanists love them, as species such as bleeding heart and English ivy are ideal for filling up the empty space underneath trees with large canopies.

Bleeding heart, for instance, is popular among gardeners, as it resembles fern and it blossoms in late spring, ahead of other floral species. English ivy, on the other hand, is frost-resistant and it’s a great climber that can be planted near the exterior fence of the property.

Establishing a green barrier

Another characteristic of English ivy is that it needs dry soil to flourish. Such an environment perfectly describes the outskirt of most yards: fenced off with dry soil underneath and facing the street. The latter factor is pretty significant, as botanical gardens are often located in polluted urban areas.

If your garden is facing the street as well, then plants like English ivy and other climbers are ideal for establishing a green barrier. The hedge you grow on the outer perimeter of your property will trap fine dust particles generated by traffic and significantly reduce noise pollution.

Tool up for gardening

Public botanical gardens charge entry and the money they receive from visitors is spent on the cost of maintenance. You seldom see the gardeners that look after the botanical garden but trust us, they wield an admirable arsenal of garden tools in the outhouse.

There are various garden accessories you too can buy for your backyard garden. Everything from pruners to an extendable rake can be kept in a makeshift shed. As one tool or utensil breaks, you should supplant it with the latest ergonomic model.

The layout of a botanical garden

Just like we have neighbors we don’t get along well, plants too should choose next to whom they grow. In the wilderness, Mother Nature regulates this but in a botanical garden, it is up to gardeners to come up with an acceptable layout of the flora.

As mentioned earlier, the amount of sunlight, water, and soil composition are some of the factors that influence which plant species go together. Also, make sure that individual stems are planted far apart, so plants don’t compete for resources.

Green minimalism: Vertical gardens

Since botanical gardens have to display a large variety of plant species, they are usually large in surface size. However, as the garden expands over time, so does the need to allot new land to it. In urban pockets where this is impossible, gardeners turn to minimalism for help.

For instance, herbs can be planted in small flower pots or mason jars and raised above the ground level, making room for other species. A vertical garden is an excellent idea for constricted spaces. After all, the aforementioned green barrier is a type of vertical garden.

Herbs are ideal for beginner gardeners

Having mentioned herbs, we have to say that they are easy to upkeep, making them ideal for beginners. Herbs don’t require much space and don’t take up any horizontal garden space as they can be planted in pots and mason jars.

This way, you can grow parsley, basil cilantro, rosemary, wild thyme, ginger, etc. The best thing about herbs is that you can use them to spice up homemade food. Of course, in a botanical garden grown for scientific research purposes, it’s not allowed to eat fruits, no matter how savory they might appear.

An artistic setting

You can prepare the most delicious vegetarian dish on the planet but unless it is lavishly garnished, it won’t make anyone’s mouth water. A botanical garden operates using the same principle, as the aesthetic appeal is just as important as biodiversity.

One way to add style to your garden is to introduce art pieces. These don’t have to be expensive nor made by a famous artist; they simply need to blend in well with the natural surroundings. For example, you can hang wind chimes or build a small footbridge across a stream or a pond.

Moving the garden indoors

Nearly all commercial botanical gardens have an indoor section or at least a large greenhouse. Such an enclosure can be used for displaying tropical and exotic species that thrive in an extremely humid climate, not found in many places around the world.

In terms of your home, you can usher the garden inside the house, by placing houseplants inside the bedroom and the living room. Some of the plants best suitable for inside the house include Bromeliad, Peace Lilly, Zanzibar Gem, Maidenhair Fern, etc.

We have tried to lay out what are some of the species that botanical gardens across the globe boast. Also, we have listed which conditions are necessary to grow a successful botanical garden in your backyard, as size truly doesn’t matter in gardening.

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