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What to Feed Your Dog: Do's and Don'ts (Infographic) 23 February, 2019   

Even though many dog owners want what’s best for their dog, most of them don’t know what to feed their furry friends beyond kibble and processed food. Here is an extensive list of good and bad food for your furry friends:

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14 foods that are good for your dog:

Sliced apples:

 Apples are a great treat for dogs. They’re full of pectin, contain Vitamin K and a little vitamin C, and calcium. Keep it to fresh or lightly cooked apples. Always peel your apples, remove the seeds and core, and chop them into little pieces, so that your furry friend won’t choke.

Cottage cheese:

It can be a great, soft treat or addition to meals or baked goods, but not for lactose-intolerant dogs. It’s very handy to have around the kitchen. Your pup can have it limited quantities.

Baby carrots:

Baby carrots are great for your dog’s chompers. They are relatively low in calories, high in fiber, and vitamin A(which is fantastic for night sight).

Cooked eggs:

Eggs are great for selenium, riboflavin, protein, choline, and are a great nutritional powerhouse. Scrambled eggs, eggs over easy, omelets- Fido’ll go crazy over them.

Cooked chicken:

Chicken is a great source of protein, provided you take out all the bones, and cook it properly. Shredded or chopped, it’s a great addition to any meal.

Unseasoned yogurt:

Yogurt is high in calcium and protein. The main reason it’s so good for your canine companion is that it’s rich in probiotics, which are fantastic for gut health. Just make sure it’s plain with no added sugar, sweetener or unnecessary chemicals.

Salmon:

Is a great source of omega 3 fatty acids, which are great for your dog’s immune system, brain function, and a healthy and shiny coat. Make sure you spend a good amount of time before his meal taking out fish bones with a tweezer and/or knife. Even the smallest bone can be quite painful if it gets stuck in the dog’s throat.

Pumpkin:

Pumpkin is a great source of fiber, beta carotene, and vitamin A. It’s a great ingredient in many dog-friendly recipes, and fabulous for keeping your canine regular. Try them out.

Green beans:

Green beans are high in fiber and extremely low in calories, when cooked, they are great as part of a meal, or a treat.

Oatmeal:

Oatmeal is great for fiber and is a great ingredient for homemade baked treats, and meals.

Sweet potatoes:

Like pumpkins, sweet potatoes are full of dietary fiber, vitamin A, and are easy to digest.

Cauliflower:

Cauliflower is great for helping prevent cancer and digestive problems. It also promotes brain health and digestive health. The Sulforaphane in cauliflower has been shown to slow down the growth of tumors, as also regulate blood pressure. The choline in cauliflower is great for brain health. Cauliflower is also full of digestive fiber, for better digestion.

Homemade fresh, unseasoned peanut butter:

Peanut butter is full of protein and heart-healthy fats, Vitamins B & E and niacin.

Cooked and lean meat:

Dogs love meat. Use lean cuts where possible, and cut off all visible fat. In addition, after cutting to bite size pieces.


23 foods you shouldn't feed your dog:

Alcohol:

Alcoholic food and drink can cause depression of the central nervous system, hampered breathing, skewed blood acidity, less coordination, diarrhea, vomiting, low blood pressure, and tremors.

Avocado:

While some dogs don’t have a reaction to this fruit, others can experience stomach upset, vomiting and diarrhea. The other problem is with the pit. Accidentally swallowed, it can cause a dangerous obstruction in the gut.

Avocadoes also have a high-fat content which can put your canine at risk of heart disease and weight gain.

Broccoli:

This cruciferous vegetable contains isothiocyanate which is horrible for dogs because it can cause a stomach upset.

Caffeine, cola and energy drinks:

Some of us may not be able to do without our coffee or cola, but our pets have no such problems. Ingesting anything containing caffeine will overstimulate your pets in the most unpleasant ways: they’ll get restless, jittery, high blood pressure, and dangerous cardiac arrhythmias. Diarrhea, excessive urination, and vomiting are minor side effects compared to collapse, coma and death.

Chives, onion & garlic:

Even though many of us love the aroma and flavor that onion, garlic, and chives add to our food. However, in our furry friends, they can cause anemia, stomach upset, and other unpleasantness. Symptoms include excessive drooling, vomiting, faster breathing, and pale gums.

Chocolate:

The theobromine in chocolate can cause vomiting, diarrhea, heart problems, tremors, seizures, and death.

Grapes, currants & raisins:

Grapes, raisins, and currants can cause irreversible kidney damage to your pet. Avoid them at all costs. Other symptoms of a bad reaction include diarrhea and vomiting.

Ham & processed meats:

Salt is a big no-no in a doggy diet. Ham and other processed meats not only contain lots of salt, chemicals, and preservatives, they are also rich in fat. This can cause pancreatitis and fatty liver. Say no to those pleading, puppy-dog eyes, and give your dog a healthy treat instead.   

Macadamia nut:

While macadamias will not kill your pet, eating them can cause difficulty in walking, stiff joints, tremors, fever, and vomiting. Other nuts are just as bad. Peanuts, however, are not technically a nut, they are a legume.

Milk and most dairy products:

Milk and many dairy products can trigger digestive disturbances, diarrhea, and allergies.

Mushrooms:

Since mushrooms don’t significantly contribute to your dog’s nutritional needs, you can afford to skip the entire lot. It’s not easy to determine which types of mushrooms are deadly to your dog, and which aren't. What’s definite is that if your dog accidentally eats a toxic mushroom, the consequences can range from seizures to tremors to death. Why risk it?

Nutmeg:

Nutmeg can damage the nervous system, and cause seizures, tremors, and death.

Salt:

Watch the salt content in the food that you give your dog. Too much salt or salty food can result in sodium ion poisoning. Watch out for vomiting, depression, high temperature, tremors, and seizures,

Spicy food:

Just as you shouldn't give spicy food to a person with a sensitive stomach, it’s cruel to do so to dogs. Should they eat something spicy, the result could be vomiting, diarrhea or stomach ulcers, and great pain. Don’t look at seasonings for dog food. Keep it simple.

Artificial sweeteners:

Xylitol can be found in a variety of goods: candy, gum, toothpaste, diabetic friendly cookies, and cakes, (even peanut butter) etc. If your unfortunate dog should eat anything with xylitol in it, it could see a dip in blood sugar and liver failure. Signs of a reaction include staggering, vomiting, fatigue, and seizures. If you suspect any of these symptoms, rush your pet to the vet! Hide or keep out of reach of your pet anything that you suspect contains this deadly ingredient.

There are other artificial sweeteners, such as sucralose and aspartame. It’s better not to expose your pet to any of them.

Yeast dough:

If your furry friend gets its paws on yeast dough, he can expect painful bloating, possibly twisting of the intestines. This is because the dough continues to rise in the environment of your dog’s stomach. This could turn into a life-threatening emergency for your canine. It doesn't end there. The yeast will produce alcohol, as a by-product of fermentation, and cause alcohol poisoning.

Bones:

We’ve all heard that dogs love bones. That’s old thinking. Dogs can actually choke on bone splinters, which can cause splinters in a dog's digestive system.

Bone meal, however, is finely powdered bone and can be added to food.

Citrus fruits:

Citrus fruits include lemons, limes, oranges, grapefruits. Dogs were never meant to eat them. Doing so will cause your pup to have a stomach upset, possible depression of the central nervous system, and sensitivity to light.   When life gives you lemons, don’t give them to your dog!

Raw eggs and meat:

Better safe than sorry. There has been a large number of E.coli. cases and salmonella cases in eggs in recent years. Raw meat and fish have their own problems from parasites to bacteria. While some people promote giving these things raw to dogs, take your puppy’s constitution into consideration. Cooking is safer than a large number of avoidable trips to the vet. A lot depends on the quality of the fish/meat and sourcing. Make your choice wisely.  

Sugar and candy:

As attractive as sugar and candy are to us, they really have no place in a dog’s diet.

Apart from introducing your dog to the difficulties of being overweight, you will also be making them diabetic (which often involves insulin injections), and rotten teeth. Kill ‘em with love, not sugar!

Rhubarb:

Since rhubarb can severely deplete calcium levels in our dogs, and result in kidney damage.

Seeds/Pits of apple, apricot, cherry, and plum:

The seeds and pits of most fruits like apples, apricots, cherries, and plums contain cyanide. The pulp is relatively safe for them. If you’re planning to feed your pet any of these fruits, make sure you check and remove all seeds and pits. Also, cut them into small pieces to prevent your enthusiastic pet from choking as it eats.

Unripe tomatoes:

While tomatoes are best as occasional treats for dogs, the tomato plant, as well as green (unripe) tomatoes can cause your dog to have a stomach upset. In large amounts, and over a long period of time, they can cause significant kidney damage. There are better foods for dogs.

A few other things worth avoiding:

  • Raw and green potatoes

  • Moldy food

  • Persimmon seeds

  • Nuts

  • People medicine (unless specifically prescribed by the vet)

  • Pantry supplies (such as baking soda and baking powder).

We all love our dogs and want them to lead long and healthy lives. Hopefully, by following the dietary guidelines listed in this article, we can ensure many more happy moments spent with our darlings. 

Do's and Don'ts What to feed your dog Dog food Pets

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