Our earth was formed 4.5 billion years prior and 335 million years back, the world was a major landmass known as Pangaea. Gradually, the landmass started to drift apart and people who once lived together separated. The individuals shaped various societies, morals and ethics on basis of the places they lived paving way for the four fundamental human advancements- Indus valley civilization, Egyptian civilization, Mesopotamian civilization and the Hwang-Ho or the Chinese civilization. India is an immediate relative of the Indus Valley human advancement. In this manner Indian culture goes back to 5500 BCE. The Indian culture is one of the most seasoned and most extravagant societies, having a long history and is glad to be called as one of the old legacies. There are numerous celebrations and festivities which occur in India consistently. India has a populace of more than 1 billion who follow various societies, celebrate various celebrations and talk in differing dialects.
The prehistoric culture in India can be determined only through the artifacts, cave paintings and tribal culture found extensively in India. According to various historians, the development of India started only after the development of Africa. Many of the evidences found in Africa date back older than India. A comparative study of the African and Indian settlements and tool patterns indicates that the stone technology of the subcontinent passed through the same broad evolutionary stages as that of Africa.
Culture is one that includes language, tradition and rituals, skills, tools, art and cuisine. The most important thing is that culture impacts people’s perspectives, their qualities, their expectations, their loyalties, and their concerns and fears. So when you are working with individuals and building associations with them, it assists with having some point of view and comprehension of their culture. So, let us see in detail how all of these were in the prehistoric ages.
The most ancient language of India would be Harappan or the Brahui of the Indus Valley civilization. But these languages are not yet deciphered. So, the oldest deciphered language would be Sanskrit. The script of this language is the Brahmri Script. The traces of this language can be found dating back to the Vedas. Sanskrit is considered to have the finest grammar compared to any language. Over its long history, Sanskrit has been composed both in Devanāgarī content and in different local contents, for example, Śāradā from the north (Kashmir), Bāṅglā (Bengali) in the east, Gujarātī in the west, and different southern contents, including the Grantha letter set, which was particularly contrived for Sanskrit texts. Sanskrit texts keep on being distributed in local contents, despite the fact that in genuinely late occasions Devanāgarī has gotten all the more by and large utilized.
Indian culture and customs are something which has now gotten eminent the whole way across the world. Outsiders often find India and its way of life as something different and remarkable. In any case, only from time to time do we give an idea to why things are done in certain particular manners. Indian culture is brimming with a few interesting traditions and conventions, which foreigners may discover captivating. A large portion of this starts from the Ancient Indian sacred texts and writings, which have directed the lifestyle in India for a great many years. The Indian tradition of joint families, festivals, rituals or pujas pertaining to various states in India is very fascinating to follow. These aspects date back to the prehistoric age-the Mohenjo Daro civilisation. We can find paintings depicting the celebration of Makar Sankranthi, Diwali and Dusshera those times. Since, man used to hunt those days, he always stayed in groups, thus forming colonies and joint families.
The man of the prehistoric period had exceptional skills. They knew the art of seed cultivating, hunting, fishing, pottery, painting and the art of civil constructions. The rich fertile soil, hunting tools, fishing nets and wonderful constructions like the great bath and the irrigation canals are the living proof. Thus, the man who knew any of these used to sell to another who knew something other through barter system. That is, if one person gave another a bag of rice, the other person will give him a bag of fish. But, in the later stage of the Mohenjo- Daro we can find the use of monetary objects.
Hand hatchet, blade, chopper, drop, side scrubber, and burin were a portion of the Paleolithic apparatuses made by the early occupants of India. These instruments cause us to accept that their creators drove an agrarian life on a resource design. All things considered, the habitants of India of this period stayed alive on creatures, for example, bull, buffalo, nilgai, chinkara, gazelle, dark buck, impala, sambar, spotted deer, wild pig, tortoise and fish, nectar and plant nourishments like roots, seeds, products of the soil.
5. Prehistoric Art:
The historical backdrop of cavern works of art in India or rock craftsmanship go from drawings and canvases from ancient occasions, starting in the caverns of Central India, encapsulated by those at the Bhimbetka rock covers from around 10,000 BP, to expand frescoes at destinations, for example, the rock cut artificial caves at Ajanta and Ellora, reaching out as late as the tenth – twelfth century BP. Their means example of living and public activity can be construed from the stone works of art and carvings.
Indian culture is something which brings the culture of different people together each one following their own with peace and harmony. So, in future when foreigners visit our country they must find it in the same way they found centuries back. Preserving Indian culture doesn't mean bringing the very age-old traditions that endangered the life of men and women. A culture is a true culture only when all the people who follow it should be happy and should enjoy. Indian culture dates back to over 6000 years. Anything that is demonstrated by time in this way certainly has natural qualities that are valued and esteemed by Indians.