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How to Make an Android App- Beginner’s Guide 01 October, 2020   

If you are brimming with an excellent idea for app development, then the first thing you need to know is how to make an android app. Well, Android app development can be a complicated task if you do not know how to do it the right way. In this article, we will explain all that you need to know about how to develop an android app!


Skills needed for android app development 

Here are 5 vital skills you need to know for designing and developing an Android app!

  • Java 

  • XML 

  • Understand Android concepts

  • Know how to use IDE


Fundamental concepts

The 2 fundamental concepts for mobile app design are:


Apps offer several entry points

Android apps are developed as an amalgamation of elements that can be invoked separately. Whenever a user taps on the icon of your app, he can open the app. This should also be possible when a user taps on a notification while on another app. 


Apps should adapt to different kinds of services

To know how to make an android app, you should know that Android allows you to offer multiple resources for multiple devices. This means you should develop multiple layouts for various screen sizes. It is the system that decides which layout should be used according to the size of the screen.


10 Steps to help you learn how to make an Android app? 

Let us learn how to develop an android app with our easy step-by-step guide for beginners!


Step 1- Ideation

Before you begin with the Android app design task, you should come up with an idea regarding what you are going to create. You should focus on creating an app that is easy to use yet interesting for users.

Step 2- Draw a wireframe

Wireframing means drawing a map of each screen that will be a part of your mobile app design along with the buttons, graphics, logos, etc. It is suggested to use a grid paper to sketch freely so that you have a clear picture of all the elements that will be there in your app.

Step 3- Choose your IDE and set it up

The Integrated Development Environment or IDE is software in the programming language that you need for app development. It provides the window where you can put in the codes and the IDE checks and formats it compiling everything to test and publish. However, IDE is not the programming language, so you need to download the Software Development Kit that contains the compilers for programming languages. Java and Android Studio offer a lot of flexibility, along with support for making apps. With regards to IDE and languages, there are several options, such as C++ and Unity.

Step 4- Learning Java

With Android Studio and Java being the most popular coding apps for mobile app design, you need to learn Java for sure. You can learn from an online tutorial as it is the quickest way to learn Java's basics. Do keep revisiting your wireframe so that you know what happens with each button click.

Step 5- Creating graphics

Based on your wireframe, you should now know what kinds of images, graphics, logos, backgrounds, etc., are needed for your app. You can create your own graphics by using Adobe Illustrator. You can also borrow copyright-free images from other sources too.

Step 6- Build the layout

The next step for how to make an android app is building the app layout. You can use the “designer” in the Android Studio to build your app’s layout. This allows you to drag and drop the widgets at places on your app page where you want them to be. For this, you need to start a new project on Android Studio, and this does not need coding except a bit of XML. For creating multiple screens, you need to create a new activity.

Step 7- Write the code

This is the most challenging part, indeed! With your widgets in place, you can open your Java file and create some “OnClick” events to add codes that will run only at the click of a button by users or when a certain action is taken. Start by setting up the basics such as variables, operations, and button clicks. Once you have put in the codes, you need to test if it is working or not. This can be done using the Android Virtual Manager or by building a debug APK for installation on your device. 

Step 8- Adding advanced features

If you want to add some advanced features to your Android app, you need to work on it. With Java coding, you can add extra features such as flashy animations, music, etc. You can do a Google search or search on YouTube regarding how to develop an android app and add so and so feature, and you will get the answer. 

Step 9- Add some more polishing

It is likely that after all the above-mentioned steps, your app is still likely to be rough and needs some polishing to end up being a smooth and flawless app, or else there are chances of it getting crashed. You can ask your family or friends to use it for testing purposes, or you can opt for testing it on any of the online devices for app testing.

Step 10- Publish your app

Finally, the time has come to publish your app. For this, you should sign your application and then create the APK or the installation file which users will be downloading for using your app. A kind of certification known as “Signing” ensures that no one else can upload any updates or make any changes to the app except you. You will also need to pay a registration fee, which will surely be an excellent investment. 


App development courses

Let us see some of the beginners Android app development courses that you can opt for:

Training for Android Developers by Google

The best of the courses in Android app development is Training for Android Developers by Google. It features a Google certified video training module and aids in teaching developers all about app development right from scratch. It teaches you everything from basic app building with cloud connectivity, content sharing, location, and multimedia. 

Developing Android apps by Udacity

This course teaches Android app development fundamentals both in theory and in practice. You will be learning about the patterns, tools, and principles of Android app development. This is a 10 weeks course that requires you to know Android Studio and Java from beforehand.

Android app development courses by Alison

These courses are free and highly popular among Android enthusiasts. Whether you are a beginner or an intermediate coder,  this is the best course for you to learn everything about Android app development right from the beginning till the end. Knowledge of basic programming from beforehand is a prerequisite for Alison courses. 

Android Development courses on edX

This course is good for beginners. It enables them to learn the fundamentals of Android architecture, the process of building android applications, and everything about the design of the user interface and tools of android development. 

App development has become a lucrative career choice, and many tech freaks are signing up for tutorials and advanced courses to learn how to make an android app. Most business owners are looking for app developers nowadays, and apps have become a driving factor in pooling more customers. As consumers are always on the mobile, reaching out to them through their phones is an intelligent way to grab their attention towards your products and services. There are several app development platforms available that can easily enable you to create apps.

Apps allow businesses to reach their customers throughout the entire day and at any time. Push notifications can let your customers know about a new product, an upcoming sale, etc. It is a great way to interact with customers and allow them to post in their feedbacks and suggestions through public forums, emails, etc., all through the app. The Store feature in apps will allow customers to make a purchase anytime; thus, enabling you to be open for business 24*7. 

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App development android app mobile app design IT and technology

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