Family life education (FLE) is regarded as a type of education that is practiced for the development of family members as a whole. There are so many traits like education, occupation, character, personality, labor, and behavior that influence the personality of a human being to a great extent.
On the other hand, mental, social and physical aspects are also accounted for the reaction of a person. The main focus of this education is to promote a happy family concept, and this education is provided for the welfare of families. Problems are a part of every family, so this education helps to face problems with courage and unity.
The young generation is guided on how to deal with the temporary changes that appear in their personality like adolescence, puberty, etc. so that they could deal with these changes easily. The welfare of the whole family is the key ingredient of this education.
In actual, family life education is not a new concept. Societies have been practicing it from ancient times. But the way of transmitting wisdom and knowledge to the young ones was different. One generation was used to learn from the other. But the advent of technology has changed things.
Societies have become more complex now, so the informal ways of learning about how to live in a family are not enough to guide the people. So there was a need to create new ways to guide the young ones about the family goals and responsibilities. That is why the concept of family education has been introduced.
Family education has great importance, and it can help out the people at different stages of their life.
Family education is planned to keep in view the needs of people at different levels or stages. When we talk about childhood, FLE plan at this level helps the children to understand the difference between right and wrong. This educational plan also focuses on respecting the similarities and differences that are found in different families.
These are the basic concepts that a child can learn while living in a family but nowadays the educational programs are promoting these concepts because in some families these are not conveyed properly.
Sometimes it also happens that the family members remain unsuccessful in clarifying these concepts to their children fully. In this situation, family life education programs prove successful in helping children.
When these programs are designed, the children of the same age groups are taught together irrespective of their family backgrounds and particular family situation. This approach proves quite handy in case of many children. But it may fail in some cases like when a child is experiencing an early death of his parent, or his grandparents raise him.
FLE deals with two types of needs at the adolescence level. First one is to address the current normative needs that are emerging due to the physical, social, cognitive and emotional changes. The second one is their future family needs so that they can be prepared for future family goals and responsibilities.
Family education imparts a great understanding to the adolescents so that they could develop a proper understanding of different family issues. Important family life content is included at this level of education. It helps them in so many ways. They learn to develop self-esteem. It also proves handy in teaching them how to make a choice about sexuality and how to create and maintain a relationship. It also works on improving communication skills.
These family education programs differ in their approach. In some programs family goals and responsibilities are given a priority. Some programs are related to personal development while others focus on family development. These educational plans are designed on the assumption that if the adolescents are trained properly at this level, then they can experience a healthy, happy adult married life.
Most of the adolescents do not select a life partner at this level so they can gain knowledge about marital status. They can learn how to give value to their marriage and life partner. The anticipatory knowledge about parenthood allows adolescents to know about the development of children. So these educational plans have significant importance for adolescents, and they can learn a lot from these programs.
Family education works wonder for adults by focusing on marriage, parenting, and grandparenting.
It is very common for couples to spend a lot more time on planning their weddings while they must put more time on thinking how they should spend their lives as a couple and how to run a family. By not thinking about marriage as an institution and strengthening its very foundations by educating themselves on probable issues, they are putting themselves at risk of destroying their family lives. It is also a fact that marriage education will not solve all their problems and issues in future, but it is very likely that it will stop them from disappointment in marriage so that marriage and family life can sustain. According to researches, there is a great possibility that marriage dissolution can be survived with family education.
Family provides an immediate environment for a baby. It is why parent education is very important to understand the very needs of kids so that they can be raised like reasonable individuals to run good family life and play a positive role in society. Ineffective parenting can widely influence the mental development of children and can lead to many problems. In FLE, parent education plays a great role as it helps to keep parents updated that how they should behave and nurture their kids as many of them may not have time and energy to dedicate to their kid’s training. Parent education helps people understand that it is not only a mother’s duty to play an effective role in the growth of their children but the father’s role is as important as of a mother. Children learn different characteristics from both of them. Both parents must dedicate quality time to nurture their kids. FLE helps them understand why a sustainable marriage has a good effect on children growth rather than a torn or separated family which can badly impact the psychological development of the child. Parent education helps parents understand that if they work as a team, it will have a very positive impact.
It is also an important part of family life education. FLE educates that grandparents can play an effective role in giving care to their grandsons and daughters in case of need. They must learn to support them financially and emotionally if their children are divorced and cannot devote full energy to support their kids.
Grandparents should play a supportive role as needed by circumstances. FLE helps them understand that if they can devote time and energy to take care of their grandchildren, they must do so if their mother or father is not available or busy in financially supporting the family.
In short, family life education is a plan that promotes the concept of happy family development by imparting positive skills to individuals, couples, parents, and families. Its basic purpose is to teach effective communicational and interpersonal skills, recognition of self-esteem and handy parenting skills.
A family has strong bonding when the interpersonal and communicational skills are strong. The chances of misconception are very less. This education also helps in reducing the level of domestic violence. When the children and adolescents are taught to respect the values and differences, then they can create strong family bonding in the future. The couple and parenting goals can be achieved too while using this FLE approach easily.