Dentistry is the part of medical science that concerns with the health of our teeth, gums, mouth, and overall oral hygiene. While its main focus is to always save our natural tooth, some conditions may prevent that from happening on a number of occasions. Instead of trying to save the tooth in conditions like these, dentists often prefer to take the tooth out of its place and let the site heal. In the meantime, strategy for further treatments can be drawn.
But hold on, go back to pulling the tooth out. Is that possible? Yes, it is possible and is called tooth extraction. There is a good possibility that you may have already hear about this procedure before, and may have even considered it at some point of your life. However, if you are in a place where you have to get your tooth extracted, here is everything that you must know about the procedure, what you should be expecting and how you can recover from it.
Why You May Need Tooth Extraction?
Tooth extractions are usually done to solve another issue that needs immediate attention. It is most often done to either maintain a proper gap between teeth or when saving the natural tooth is out of the question. Most commonly, you will require a tooth extraction for these conditions:
Crowding in Teeth: When the space in your mouth is so less that your teeth cannot fit inside them properly, the condition is called crowding. In order to make space for the orthodontic treatment to work properly, a few teeth may need to be removed.
Damage and Decay in Teeth: One of the most common reasons behind tooth extraction is that they get damaged and decayed beyond the point of saving. Thus, it is always a better option to extract them than to let them stay and infect other teeth.
Need Replacing: In case your tooth is chipped or broken in a manner that it can’t be repaired or restored, it will be extracted.
Wisdom Teeth: The last set of molars to erupt in our mouth, the wisdom teeth appear between the age of 17 to 24 years. However, since the space in our mouth is limited, these wisdom teeth either cause crowding in the mouth or get impacted, that is erupt without an opening in the gums. While the first is an aesthetic issue, the latter is extremely painful.
Types of Tooth Extraction
Generally, there are 2 types of tooth extraction:
Simple Extraction: Simple extraction is when the tooth is visible in the mouth and will be removed by gently rocking it back and forth with dental forceps. You can leave the dentist’s office immediately after the extraction and when the bleeding stops.
Surgical Extraction: Surgical extraction of a tooth is when it is not as easily accessible in the mouth and will need an incision in the gums to reach. It will be performed at a specialized clinic and will need a little longer time to recover from.
What To Expect During Tooth Extraction?
You will be given a local anaesthetic to numb your mouth (a general anaesthetic for surgical extractions is preferred). The doctor than gets to work on the tooth by holding it gently in dental forceps and begin to rock it back and forth so as to make it come lose from its socket. For a surgical procedure, the doctor will make an incision first and then get a hold of the tooth before pulling it.
After the completion of the procedure, a gauze will be placed in your mouth and you will be asked to bite down as hard as you can so the bleeding stops and blood clot can form over the site of extraction. This blood clot is what helps heal the extraction site.
Aftercare of Tooth Extraction
Aftercare for a tooth extraction is all about letting the site heal without disturbing the blood clot that has formed over the area. Doing so will give you a dry socket which then becomes open for infections of all sorts. Given the tooth extraction cost in India, you may want to avoid that at all costs. To prevent dry socket, you should.
Avoid using straws to drink
Avoid hard and chewy foods and stick to mashed potatoes and yogurt.
Follow proper dental hygiene but make sure to brush gently over the site of extraction.
So this was everything you needed to know about tooth extraction.
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