Constitution, a term that helps to bind the nation and makes sure that the people of the country live a life filled with peace and harmony. The composition is the spine of any state. Without it, the Law and Jurisdiction will not hold up and that will be just the opposite of what they were meant to do. The constitution is a body of fundamental rules and regulations according to which the country and its people are supposed to work.
The term "constitution" got its name because it is an accrual of many things that make up the arrangement of the Law bodies in any country. All the principles and rules that are meant to be customary are crafted into a single document which is known as the Constitution. One might wonder if this is how the document of principles got its name!
The constitution is something that every country has in its possession. All the law around the world are unique in one way or the another but share the same goal which is to make sure that there remains stability in the country. Constitution comprises of various levels of aspects, from companies associations to sovereign states. Constitution also works with limited power and empowers the masses and governmental bodies to work in peace and harmony.
Today, in this article we are going to talk about some basic principles of the constitution has and what is their existence in our day to day life. Constitution carries the motto of "by the people, for the people and to the people" which means it is for the welfare of the society and it will help the country in being something better.
The constitution is the document that let us know the depth and might of the government and how much power they have to interfere in any task. It sets the limits and boundaries of the interaction and capabilities of any governmental body in the working. Constitution works as a means by which the government in the rule knows as to what extent they can impose rules and regulations on the citizen of the country. Lets us see how the constitution works.
One of the significant problems for any country is that the distribution of power sometimes leaks from here and there causing public uproars and different issues that lead to the economic and social downfall of the country. Thus, the only thing that constitution in India concerns about most is the power Distribution.
Thanks to the constitution, the power of the governmental bodies flow in a specific path. As for the Indian constitution, it distributes the power horizontally throughout the three major institutional bodies of the Indian Jurisdiction that is, chronologically, The Parliament, The executive, and The Judiciary. Where the Parliament acts as the supreme body and all the bills and amendments passed down with their consent.
Any law or bill is first to be presented in the executive houses of the country as in India these are known as Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. After getting an approval of two out of every three members of both the houses, the bill is passed to the parliament. Once it is given by there, it is sent to the supreme body of the country, i.e., the President. Usually, the president signs the document but, in some case,, he or she does feel like passing it at the time, they have to power to send it back with a suitable reason. Once edited and reframed the bill is again sent for the approval of the president of the country and this time, they are bound to pass this bill. If there is not any answer heard from the side of the president till 15 days, the law is supposed to be given and becomes official.
So, now as we have the insight as for what is the constitution and how it works, let's jump right into gathering information about the basic principles of the constitution. This will help us to wield a better understanding of the composition.
As mentioned earlier in the start, Constitution works on certain principles, and this is the thing that makes it hold the country together. Let us study as for what these principles of the constitution are:
1. Sovereignty: This principle is an essential one as it states who has the most might concern power to say. Constitution stands on the belief that the people have an ultimate power in any matter whatsoever unless what they are saying is not appropriate and disastrous for the countries' well being.
2. Limited Power of the government: This principle of the constitution states that even the government is not all that special and powerful when the well being of the masses is in the consideration. It makes sure that the government only has sufficient power to work on the matters they are supposed to. Unwanted and illogical interaction in the day to day works of the public is barred, and thus equilibrium is maintained.
3. Constitutionalism: Constitutionalism states that the government must work according to all the rules, regulations and principles that are laid down in the constitution. This forfeits any chance of government using their power in hand for something that might result in a rash advancement which will doom the country.
4. Separation of power: This principle is one of the most important principles and workings of the constitution. The separation of power means that the power of making decisions is scattered among various forces and bodies of the government these governmental bodies are the legislative, executive and the judicial bodies. This helps in a better formation and control of the country as several institutions are keeping a check on the working of the country on various levels.
5. Veto: The most powerful weapon of an action that is given to the president of the country and it shares a meaningful existence in the working and management of the country. "Veto" comes into play one of those times when the government tries to pressurize the upper bodies in the chain to pass something that is not for the greater good or at least. Congress does not understand the fact of it being wrong in the foreseeable future. This is one of the basic principles of the constitution that gives the power of rejection to any act of Congress that is not for the countries' long-term benefit.
6. Federalism: The term Federalism is the point of the action where the power distribution that holds the country together is separated and distributed on several scales. Usually, countries have three levels of the power control that are namely central, state and the regional levels. Federalism as a principle makes sure that things remain safe and secure for people at every level.
There you have it, these are some of the basic principles of the constitution, which are the supreme importance to any country. These are some universal principles that almost every country has in their law. There are many principles other than these but as I said these are some of the common ones.