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6 Elements of a Contract: The Absolute Essentials 17 June, 2019   

Contracts are the backbone of any relationship that is backed up by monetary means. They are the face of trust and sense of surety as they minimize the probability of the risk. The contract is a document which holds a legal recognition, and in case of breach or fraud, this is the document that saves a person from losing money or property.

Also, there are many cases where people were saved from getting imprisoned. There are 6 elements of a contract that are essential.  Whether you are a businessman, business student or just another normal human, you should know about these and that too in-depth.

Any employment begins with a contract and if there's not one then certainly it is not a legal entity. From buying property to purchasing something as common as bike or health insurance come under the study of Contract Law. Therefore it is really necessary to understand the contract law to understand 6 elements of a Contract.

What is Contract law?

Contract Law is one of the most important parts of Law for any part of the world. We all know that the economy of any country grows only when it is built on some particular aspect of the occupation. For example, USA is run by the Industrialists and India by the agricultural industry. Thus, to make sure that the industry and the people in it are safe and all their trading deals are secure, Contract Law was made.

Some major aspects of Contract Law include:

Formation of a Contract:

One of the most important aspects of contract Law is that it is the only set of rules and regulations that are laid down by the government. They are the only provisions on behalf of which all the business contracts are made, and that the people are treated in the case on breach or backing out without any information.

Terms and conditions of a Contract: 

Every contract ever formed is based on several terms and conditions. These terms and conditions are used as the base of the contract. On behalf of these, all the activities and future events in business or contract take place. These terms are made by the approval of all the parties in a contract and regardless of what someone might say later, if it is specified in the contract, then it is forced on you with legal authority.

Discharge and Vitiating Factors: It is the main source for a person who wants to get out of the alliance between two or more than two people. Discharge is a very important aspect of the contract as once a contract is made, it will either get discharged or dissolved. Discharge is the state when the contract has been completed with a successful verdict.

The 6 Elements of a Contract:

Following are the 6 elements of the contract which makes them a valid one. Without them in the frame, making and using a contract will be a lot tough. Moreover, if these are not into existence, the contract might not even get legal recognition.


An offer is a very first step of going into a contract. An offer can be anything from being a task that promises of doing some act or a promise of refrain from an act. Both of the aspects are important to understanding as they play a very crucial role in the building up of a contract. Some of the offers look forward to the fact that the person who is on the other end of the contract should promise the return of value in the change to the act of doing or refraining from some particular act as a form of reimbursement. The offer that is accepted is good to go to the other elements, but if in any case an offer is rejected by the offeree, the whole point of contract dies in the mist.


Acceptance is the second element that comes into the play when the offer is made. As we have discussed above that both the offeror and the offeree has the power to stop any offer from reaching to the point of acceptance, we should now understand what is in the term acceptance. Acceptance comes in various forms and phases. It can be as simple as a nod, or it can be as typical assigning 40-page long treaty. Acceptance is given both in the oral and written forms so for those who thought that making a handshake and saying Yes to someone offering you money in exchange of you not playing a match for your team is not a contract, well then guess what it is.


One of the most important elements when it comes to the topic of making a Contract is Consideration. Its importance because this part is where the parties involved in the past-acceptance phase makes the offer of the things that have some value. This part covers up the statement that was laid down by the offeror and the offeree. Each party in the contract must offer something which has a fair market value that will influence the other parties in the offer to come on-board with offered. In the language of Law or Law terminology, we call any part as ‘Consideration' if there is an exchange of values.

Mutuality of obligation

This concept is closely related to consideration. In the element of Mutuality of obligation, we deal with the aspect of the contract which measures out what one should be doing to complete their contract. Mutuality of obligation is more of doctrine than a theory, and this is the stage where both the offeror and the offeree perform what they have agreed upon. Such arrangements are done from the side of all the parties that are involved in the matter and in case even a single person backs out, it is treated as if the contract is breached.

Competency and Capacity: 

Any person who comes into a contract is bound with some legal obligations and powers which they can use if there is any sort of hindrance from the side of any other party. A minor is defined as either 18 or 21, and it differs from county to country and minors are not allowed or are not capacitive to compliance any contract. They can involve into the agreement at the time the offer is made, and if they are supposed to entering into the contract, their powers and obligations are somewhat shifted and transferred to their guardians.

A written Instrument: 

DO not get fooled by the title of this element, the contract can be in both the states either written or unwritten/oral. Both of the types are equally liable and recognized by the jurisdiction in case of felony or crimes that comes out of the contract alliance. Written contracts are highly advised to the people and groups who are about to enter in a contract because of the simple reason that no know what oral contract was made as no one has seen or can prove its existence. Recorded contracts also come under the head of written contracts.

So, these are the 6 elements of a contract, and we should know. Therefore, having in-depth knowledge is always the best thing for you as you never know when you might get the chance to use these in real life.

Contract law Contract Essentials Contract act Agreement Terms and Conditions Obligation

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